Cutaneous leishmaniasis affects people’s skin and causes lesions or ulcers on the body. It is the most endemic in Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkwa provinces, but Sindh and central and southern areas of Punjab are also affected.
Cutaneous leishmaniasis is the most common form of leishmaniasis affecting humans. It is also known as ‘saal dana’ or ‘kaal dana’ in Urdu and Pashto languages. It is a single-celled parasite transmitted by the bite of a female phlebotomine sandfly. Although it is not life-threatening, it can cause severe physical disfigurement leading to stigma and discrimination.